Psychology

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Belief bias in syllogistic reasoning
Belief bias in syllogistic reasoning
Advaita Vedānta, the art and science of yoga, introspection, and the hard problem of consciousness
Advaita Vedānta, the art and science of yoga, introspection, and the hard problem of consciousness
Ubiquitous statistical fallacies: Protected versus unprotected pairwise comparisons
Ubiquitous statistical fallacies: Protected versus unprotected pairwise comparisons
Aldous Huxley: The ultimate Revolution (Berkeley, 1962)
Quantum Interaction (Conference, 2015, Switzerland, Filzbach)
NHST: Irrational orthodoxy vs. Bayesian statistics
NHST: Irrational orthodoxy vs. Bayesian statistics
The effects of ego-depletion on belief-bias
The effects of ego-depletion on belief-bias
Cognitive Liberty
Cognitive Liberty
PRODES – Deforestation Monitoring Project in the Legal Amazon by Satellite
The Glymphatic System: An overview
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Belief bias in syllogistic reasoning
Belief bias in syllogistic reasoning
Advaita Vedānta, the art and science of yoga, introspection, and the hard problem of consciousness
Advaita Vedānta, the art and science of yoga, introspection, and the hard problem of consciousness
Ubiquitous statistical fallacies: Protected versus unprotected pairwise comparisons
Ubiquitous statistical fallacies: Protected versus unprotected pairwise comparisons
Aldous Huxley: The ultimate Revolution (Berkeley, 1962)
Aldous Huxley: The ultimate Revolution (Berkeley, 1962)
Quantum Interaction (Conference, 2015, Switzerland, Filzbach)
Quantum Interaction (Conference, 2015, Switzerland, Filzbach)
NHST: Irrational orthodoxy vs. Bayesian statistics
NHST: Irrational orthodoxy vs. Bayesian statistics
The effects of ego-depletion on belief-bias
The effects of ego-depletion on belief-bias
Cognitive Liberty
Cognitive Liberty
PRODES – Deforestation Monitoring Project in the Legal Amazon by Satellite
PRODES – Deforestation Monitoring Project in the Legal Amazon by Satellite
The Glymphatic System: An overview
The Glymphatic System: An overview
Belief bias in syllogistic reasoning

See also my project http://belief-bias.de

Every man prefers belief to the exercise of judgment.
~ Seneca

We speak not strictly and philosophically when we talk of the combat of passion and of reason. Reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions, and can never pretend to any other office than to serve and obey them.~ Hume

Display HTML5 version of the associated study (integrated text-to speech synthesis):

A well studied phenomenon in the psychology of reasoning is termed belief bias (Evans et al., 1983; Markovits & Nantel, 1989). Belief bias labels the long standing effect that reasoners are more likely to accept a believable conclusion to a syllogismA syllogism is a specific form of an argument. As is the case with many concepts in the domain of mathematics (...)

Belief bias in syllogistic reasoning
Advaita Vedānta, the art and science of yoga, introspection, and the hard problem of consciousness

The author meditating in Paścimottānāsana

The great ancient knowledge system of India known as Vedānta has several schools of thought and forms the rational philosophical system which is the foundation of Hinduism. It is based on various Upanishads178, the Brahma Sūtras, and the Bhagavad Gītā. It provides a profound science179 of the mind and consciousness which is relevant for contemporary westerns sciences like psychology, neuroscience, biology, and physics (Frawley, 2001; Silberstein, 2017; Vaidya & Bilimoria, 2015). Most Vedāntic schools of thought are dualistic in nature with the exception of Advaita Vedānta which is furthermore incompatible with superficial and naïve materialistic ideologies (e.g., naïve realism). Its introspective methods permit deep insights (...)

Advaita Vedānta, the art and science of yoga, introspection, and the hard problem of consciousness
Ubiquitous statistical fallacies: Protected versus unprotected pairwise comparisons

/*!
* Base CSS for pdf2htmlEX
* Copyright 2012,2013 Lu Wang
* https://github.com/coolwanglu/pdf2htmlEX/blob/master/share/LICENSE
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Ubiquitous statistical fallacies: Protected versus unprotected pairwise comparisons
Aldous Huxley: The ultimate Revolution (Berkeley, 1962)

/*!
* Base CSS for pdf2htmlEX
* Copyright 2012,2013 Lu Wang
* https://github.com/coolwanglu/pdf2htmlEX/blob/master/share/LICENSE
*/#sidebar{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;width:250px;padding:0;margin:0;overflow:auto}#page-container{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;margin:0;padding:0;border:0}@media screen{#sidebar.opened+#page-container{left:250px}#page-container{bottom:0;right:0;overflow:auto}.loading-indicator{display:none}.loading-indicator.active{display:block;position:absolute;width:64px;height:64px;top:50%;left:50%;margin-top:-32px;margin-left:-32px}.loading-indicator img{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;right:0}}@media print{@page{margin:0}html{margin:0}body{margin:0;-webkit-print-color-adjust:exact}#sidebar{display:none}#page-container{width:auto;height:auto;overflow:visible;background-color:transparent}.d{display:none}}.pf{position:relative;background-color:white;overflow:hidden;margin:0;border:0}.pc{position:absolute;border:0;padding:0;margin:0;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;overflow:hidden;display:block;transform-origin:0 (...)

NHST: Irrational orthodoxy vs. Bayesian statistics

The majority of professors who lecture statistics are unable to interpret a simple t-test correctly as the following empirical data illustrates (adapted from Haller & Krauss, 2002).

Figure 1. Fallacious statistical reasoning in the interpretation of an independent samples t-test (Haller & Krauss, 2002).

"Teaching statistics to psychology students should not only consist of teaching
calculations, procedures and formulas, but should focus much more on statistical
thinking and understanding of the methods...Since thinking as well as understanding are genuine matters of scientific psychology, it is astounding that these issues have been largely neglected in the methodology instruction of psychology students." (Haller & Krauss, 2002, p.17)

Haller, H., & Krauss, S. (...)

NHST: Irrational orthodoxy vs. Bayesian statistics
PRODES – Deforestation Monitoring Project in the Legal Amazon by Satellite

Silva Junior, C. H. L., Pessôa, A. C. M., Carvalho, N. S., Reis, J. B. C., Anderson, L. O., & Aragão, L. E. O. C.. (2021). The Brazilian Amazon deforestation rate in 2020 is the greatest of the decade. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 5(2), 144–145.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/s41559-020-01368-x

 

URL: https://search.r-project.org/CRAN/refmans/datazoom.amazonia/html/load_prodes.html

Description:

Loads information on clearcut deforestation in the Legal Amazon and annual deforestation rates in the region. Survey is done at state or municipality level and data is available from 2000 to 2020.
# download raw data from 2000 to 2020
raw_prodes_all <- load_prodes(
dataset = "prodes",
raw_data = TRUE,
time_period = 2000:2020
)
Usage

load_prodes(dataset (...)

The Glymphatic System: An overview

Jessen, N. A., Munk, A. S. F., Lundgaard, I., & Nedergaard, M.. (2015). The Glymphatic System: A Beginner’s Guide. Neurochemical Research, 40(12), 2583–2599.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1007/s11064-015-1581-6

“The glymphatic system is a recently discovered macroscopic waste clearance system that utilizes a unique system of perivascular tunnels, formed by astroglial cells, to promote efficient elimination of soluble proteins and metabolites from the central nervous system. besides waste elimination, the glymphatic system also facilitates brain-wide distribution of several compounds, including glucose, lipids, amino acids, growth factors, and neuromodulators. intriguingly, the glymphatic system function mainly during sleep and is largely disengaged during wakefulness. the biological (...)

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