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This is an excerpt form my PhD dissertation which can be accessed under the following URL: http://phd-thesis.ga

Flowchart of preregistration procedure in scientific research.

Preregistration is the practice of publishing the methodology of experiments before they begin. This strategy reduces problems stemming from publication bias and selective reporting of results. See for example:

https://aspredicted.org/
https://cos.io/prereg/
https://www.psychologicalscience.org/publications/replication

A exemplary list of currently preregistered studies can be found on Zotero: https://www.zotero.org/groups/479248/osf/items/collectionKey/KEJP68G9

Questionable research practices that compromise the hypothetico-deductive model which underpins scientific research (graphic adapted (...)

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The Bayesian inferential approach provides rich information about the estimated distribution of several parameters of interest, i.e., it provides the distribution of the estimates of μ and σ of both experimental conditions and the associated effect sizes. Specifically, the method provides the “relative credibility” of all possible differences between means, standard deviations (Kruschke, 2013). Inferential conclusions about null hypotheses can be drawn based on these credibility values. In contrast to conventional NHST, uninformative (and frequently misleading124) p values are redundant in the Bayesian framework. Moreover, the Bayesian parameter estimation approach enables the researcher to accept null hypotheses. NHST, on the other, only allows the researcher to reject such null hypotheses. (...)

Man lives on earth not once, but three times: the first stage of his life is his continual sleep; the second, sleeping and waking by turns; the third, waking forever.
~ Gustav Fechner
Gustav Fechner is the founding father of modern psychophysics. However, within academia his views are widely misinterpreted as Fechner invented the discipline to oppose "reductive materialism" (the mainstream view in contemporary science). Most research in the domain of psychophysics is based on the premise that mind and matter (psyche and physis) are separate and independent entities. Fechners psychophysics is incompatible with this prima facie stipulation which is not grounded in empirical evidence, viz., it is a (often dogmatic) belief system which is presented as if it would be a logical necessity while (...)

JASP is a cross-platform software program primarily developed for Bayesian analyses. It currently utilizes more than 50 R packages and provides an intuitive & user-friendly GUI (graphical user interface). However, unfortunately the generated R code . This would be an important feature for future versions of JASP (in line with the open-science philosophy).

https://github.com/jasp-stats/jasp-desktop

Gronau, Q. F., Ly, A., & Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2017). Informed Bayesian t-tests. Manuscripts submitted for publication ().

Jamil, T., Ly, A., Morey, R. D., Love, J., Marsman, M., & Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2017). . Behavior Research Methods, 49, 638-652.

Ly, A., Raj, A., Marsman, M., Etz, A., & Wagenmakers, E.-J. (2017). Bayesian reanalyses from summary (...)

The Kochen-Specker theorem (see for example Kochen & Specker, 1975) is a “no go” theorem in physics which was mathematically proved by John Bell in 1966 and by Simon Kochen and Ernst Specker in 1967. It conclusively demonstrates that it is impossible that quantum mechanical observables represent objectively observable “elements of physical reality”. More specifically, the theorem falsifies those hidden variable theories that stipulate that elements of physical reality are independent of the way in which they are measured (i.e. they are not independent of the measurement device used to measure them and are therefore inherently contextual). That is, the outcome of an experiment depends on how the experiment is designed and executed. The theorem proves mathematically (...)

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A strip of wet cloth, four angulas wide (3") and fifteen hands (1¼ metres) in length, is stoutly swallowed and, then taken out, as instructed by the guru. This is known as dhauti.
~ Hatha Yoga Pradipika 2.24

Escherichia coli, one of the many species of bacteria present in the human gut.

Vastra is Sanskrit for "cloth" and dhauti means "washing". It is a yogic technique designed to cleanse the inner body, specifically the GI tract. It is one of several types of purifying dhauti methods in which a long strip of cotton cloth is ingested and then pulled out to cleans and detoxify the intestines. Given the fact that our environments contain countless (chemical) toxins which are responsible for various "pathologies of civilisation"  it is important to explore and practice methods to detoxify (...)

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